We may well admire in this the admirable wisdom of the Providence of God, who, ever bringing good out of evil, has from time to time suffered the faith and piety of men to grow weak, and allowed Catholic truth to be attacked by false doctrines, but always with the result that truth has afterwards shone out with greater splendor, and that men's faith, aroused from its lethargy, has shown itself more vigorous than before. In fact, the whole of the human race was at the instance of Pope Leo XIII, in the Holy Year 1900, consecrated to the Divine Heart. There were even some nations who thought they could dispense with God, and that their religion should consist in impiety and the neglect of God. Let Us explain briefly the nature and meaning of this lordship of Christ. Pius XI, original name Ambrogio Damiano Achille Ratti, (born May 31, 1857, Desio, Lombardy, Austrian Empire [now in Italy]—died February 10, 1939, Rome, Italy), Italian pope from 1922 to 1939, one of the … OTHER ENCYCLICALS OF POPE PIUS XII Encyclicals on Christ the King: Pope St. Pius X E SUPREMI: On the Restoration of All Things in Christ Pope St. Pius XI QUAS PRIMAS: On the Feast of Christ the King … If the kingdom of Christ, then, receives, as it should, all nations under its way, there seems no reason why we should despair of seeing that peace which the King of Peace came to bring on earth - he who came to reconcile all things, who came not to be ministered unto but to minister, who, though Lord of all, gave himself to us as a model of humility, and with his principal law united the precept of charity; who said also: "My yoke is sweet and my burden light." And he gave him power and glory and a kingdom: and all peoples, tribes, and tongues shall serve him. This prophetic encyclical from Pope Pius XI is an essential manual for spouses today John Lacken's stirring talk from the Conference of Catholic Families. "You are bought with a price; be not made the bond-slaves of men. 2. The rebellion of individuals and states against the authority of Christ has produced deplorable consequences. [35] If all these truths are presented to the faithful for their consideration, they will prove a powerful incentive to perfection. He is King of hearts, too, by reason of his "charity which exceedeth all knowledge." Pius XI was considered an able and strident politician who could both smile and scream at dictators throughout the world but knew enough never to attempt a compromise with them. Would that they who forget what they have cost their Savior might recall the words: "You were not redeemed with corruptible things, but with the precious blood of Christ, as of a lamb unspotted and undefiled. We firmly hope, however, that the feast of the Kingship of Christ, which in future will be yearly observed, may hasten the return of society to our loving Savior. On May 15, 1931, exactly forty years after the publication of Rerum Novarum, Pope Pius XI issued another remarkable encyclical, Quadragesimo Anno, on the reconstruction of the social order. We have commemorated the definition of the divinity of the word Incarnate, the foundation of Christ's empire over all men. The way has been happily and providentially prepared for the celebration of this feast ever since the end of the last century. The result is that human society is tottering to its fall, because it has no longer a secure and solid foundation."[31]. He must reign in our minds, which should assent with perfect submission and firm belief to revealed truths and to the doctrines of Christ. They must hunger and thirst after justice, and more than this, they must deny themselves and carry the cross. Therefore by Our Apostolic Authority We institute the Feast of the Kingship of Our Lord Jesus Christ to be observed yearly throughout the whole world on the last Sunday of the month of October - the Sunday, that is, which immediately precedes the Feast of All Saints. "[7] With Isaias the other Prophets are in agreement. This year, however, We desire that it be observed on the thirty-first day of the month on which day We Ourselves shall celebrate pontifically in honor of the kingship of Christ, and shall command that the same dedication be performed in Our presence. "[12], 11. [24] Not only do the gospels tell us that he made laws, but they present him to us in the act of making them. In him is the salvation of the individual, in him is the salvation of society. Make it your duty and your task, Venerable Brethren, to see that sermons are preached to the people in every parish to teach them the meaning and the importance of this feast, that they may so order their lives as to be worthy of faithful and obedient subjects of the Divine King. In the first Encyclical Letter which We addressed at the beginning of Our Pontificate to the Bishops of the universal Church, We referred to the chief causes of the difficulties under which mankind was laboring. ... Pius XI, in his Encyclical … In this year, as We said at the beginning of this Letter, the Divine King, truly wonderful in all his works, has been gloriously magnified, for another company of his soldiers has been added to the list of saints. This is sufficiently clear from the scriptural testimony already adduced concerning the universal dominion of our Redeemer, and moreover it is a dogma of faith that Jesus Christ was given to man, not only as our Redeemer, but also as a law-giver, to whom obedience is due. Condemning Current Errors Pope Pius IX (December 8, 1864) Summary: This encyclical letter of Pope Pius IX was promulgated in 1864, and the attached Syllabus of Errors was … Pius XI issued 31 papal encyclicals during his reign as pope and was considering one at his death. Francis (March 13, ... Pius XI (February 6, … What else is a nation but a number of men living in concord? 29. Those who keep them show their love for their Divine Master, and he promises that they shall remain in his love. ENCYCLICAL OF POPE PIUS XI ON THE FEAST OF CHRIST THE KING TO OUR VENERABLE BRETHREN THE PATRIARCHS, PRIMATES, ARCHBISHOPS, … "[30] If, therefore, the rulers of nations wish to preserve their authority, to promote and increase the prosperity of their countries, they will not neglect the public duty of reverence and obedience to the rule of Christ. Venerable Brethren, Greetings, and … Venerable Brethren, Health and … Encyclical Casti Connubii of Pius XI, 31 December 1932 : Pius XI Encyclicals [ EN - ES - FR - HU - IT - LA] CASTI CONNUBII. It will suffice to remark that although in all the feasts of our Lord the material object of worship is Christ, nevertheless their formal object is something quite distinct from his royal title and dignity. Pope Pius XI - 1928 To Our Venerable Brethren the Patriarchs, Primates, Archbishops, Bishops, and other Local Ordinaries in Peace and Communion with the Apostolic See. 31. All those who in the course of the Holy Year have thronged to this city under the leadership of their Bishops or priests had but one aim - namely, to expiate their sins - and at the tombs of the Apostles and in Our Presence to promise loyalty to the rule of Christ. He was the first sovereign of Vatican City from its creation as an independent state on 11 February 1929. "[34] The liturgical honors paid to confessors, virgins and widows produced wonderful results in an increased zest for virtue, necessary even in times of peace. But more fruitful still were the feasts instituted in honor of the Blessed Virgin. When we pay honor to the princely dignity of Christ, men will doubtless be reminded that the Church, founded by Christ as a perfect society, has a natural and inalienable right to perfect freedom and immunity from the power of the state; and that in fulfilling the task committed to her by God of teaching, ruling, and guiding to eternal bliss those who belong to the kingdom of Christ, she cannot be subject to any external power. For the first time the word "Laicism" (which means irreligious teaching) is to be found in a Pontifical document; it is the fatal and sought for result of both the Masonic doctrine and its direct action. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_encyclicals_of_Pope_Pius_XI&oldid=978320210, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, On the Persecution of the Church in Mexico, On the Reconstruction of the Social Order, On the Persecution of the Church in Spain, This page was last edited on 14 September 2020, at 05:45. But if we ponder this matter more deeply, we cannot but see that the title and the power of King belongs to Christ as man in the strict and proper sense too. Some men went even further, and wished to set up in the place of God's religion a natural religion consisting in some instinctive affection of the heart. "For neither doth the Father judge any man; but hath given all judgment to the Son. "[9] And again he says: "I beheld, therefore, in the vision of the night, and, lo! Oh, what happiness would be Ours if all men, individuals, families, and nations, would but let themselves be governed by Christ! "[5] There are many similar passages, but there is one in which Christ is even more clearly indicated. This article contains a list of encyclicals of Pope Pius XI. 10. For people are instructed in the truths of faith, and brought to appreciate the inner joys of religion far more effectually by the annual celebration of our sacred mysteries than by any official pronouncement of the teaching of the Church. It was then put under the power of the state and tolerated more or less at the whim of princes and rulers. Pius XI Encyclicals [ EN - ES - FR - IT - LA] QUAS PRIMAS. And he came even to the Ancient of days: and they presented him before him. For during this year the God of mercy has raised the minds and hearts of the faithful to the consideration of heavenly blessings which are above all understanding, has either restored them once more to his grace, or inciting them anew to strive for higher gifts, has set their feet more firmly in the path of righteousness. The kingship and empire of Christ have been recognized in the pious custom, practiced by many families, of dedicating themselves to the Sacred Heart of Jesus; not only families have performed this act of dedication, but nations, too, and kingdoms. 28. Quanta Cura. Men will sheathe their swords and lay down their arms when all freely acknowledge and obey the authority of Christ, and every tongue confesses that the Lord Jesus Christ is in the glory of God the Father."[33]. Man is composed of body and soul, and he needs these external festivities so that the sacred rites, in all their beauty and variety, may stimulate him to drink more deeply of the fountain of God's teaching, that he may make it a part of himself, and use it with profit for his spiritual life. History, in fact, tells us that in the course of ages these festivals have been instituted one after another according as the needs or the advantage of the people of Christ seemed to demand: as when they needed strength to face a common danger, when they were attacked by insidious heresies, when they needed to be urged to the pious consideration of some mystery of faith or of some divine blessing. Pope Pius XI issued 31 Papal Encyclicals during his reign as Pope and was considering one at his death (number 32 in this list): But if the faithful were generally to understand that it behooves them ever to fight courageously under the banner of Christ their King, then, fired with apostolic zeal, they would strive to win over to their Lord those hearts that are bitter and estranged from him, and would valiantly defend his rights. Moreover, since this jubilee Year marks the sixteenth centenary of the Council of Nicaea, We commanded that event to be celebrated, and We have done so in the Vatican basilica. The State is bound to extend similar freedom to the orders and communities of religious of either sex, who give most valuable help to the Bishops of the Church by laboring for the extension and the establishment of the kingdom of Christ. So, too, the feast of the Sacred Heart of Jesus was instituted at a time when men were oppressed by the sad and gloomy severity of Jansenism, which had made their hearts grow cold, and shut them out from the love of God and the hope of salvation. The last Sunday of October seemed the most convenient of all for this purpose, because it is at the end of the liturgical year, and thus the feast of the Kingship of Christ sets the crowning glory upon the mysteries of the life of Christ already commemorated during the year, and, before celebrating the triumph of all the Saints, we proclaim and extol the glory of him who triumphs in all the Saints and in all the Elect. To use the words of Our immortal predecessor, Pope Leo XIII: "His empire includes not only Catholic nations, not only baptized persons who, though of right belonging to the Church, have been led astray by error, or have been cut off from her by schism, but also all those who are outside the Christian faith; so that truly the whole of mankind is subject to the power of Jesus Christ. "Christ," he says, "has dominion over all creatures, a dominion not seized by violence nor usurped, but his by essence and by nature. But a thought that must give us even greater joy and consolation is this that Christ is our King by acquired, as well as by natural right, for he is our Redeemer. When reverence and devotion to the Blessed Sacrament had grown cold, the feast of Corpus Christi was instituted, so that by means of solemn processions and prayer of eight days' duration, men might be brought once more to render public homage to Christ. This kingdom is spiritual and is concerned with spiritual things. These index pages include a listing of each Pope’s Encyclicals, Apostolic Letters, and other documents. "[8] So, too, Daniel, who announces the kingdom that the God of heaven shall found, "that shall never be destroyed, and shall stand for ever. [15] These words can only be taken to indicate the greatness of his power, the infinite extent of his kingdom. Pope Pius XI 1922 . "[20] His kingship is founded upon the ineffable hypostatic union. His power is an everlasting power that shall not be taken away, and his kingdom shall not be destroyed. At the time of his death, Pius XI was reviewing an early version of an additional encyclical, Humani generis unitas (On the Unity of the Human Race), on the Church, anti-Semitism, racism and persecution … If to Christ our Lord is given all power in heaven and on earth; if all men, purchased by his precious blood, are by a new right subjected to his dominion; if this power embraces all men, it must be clear that not one of our faculties is exempt from his empire. We saw men and nations cut off from God, stirring up strife and discord and hurrying along the road to ruin and death, while the Church of God carries on her work of providing food for the spiritual life of men, nurturing and fostering generation after generation of men and women dedicated to Christ, faithful and subject to him in his earthly kingdom, called by him to eternal bliss in the kingdom of heaven. It seems to Us that We cannot in a more fitting manner close this Holy Year, nor better signify Our gratitude and that of the whole of the Catholic world to Christ the immortal King of ages, for the blessings showered upon Us, upon the Church, and upon the Catholic world during this holy period. Pontiffs differ on the use of encyclicals: On the issue of birth control and contraception for example, Pope Pius XI issued the encyclical Casti Connubii, while Pope Pius XII spoke to midwives and the medical profession, when he clarified his position on the issue. "[17] It is Christ whom the Father "hath appointed heir of all things";[18] "for he must reign until at the end of the world he hath put all his enemies under the feet of God and the Father."[19]. "With God and Jesus Christ," we said, "excluded from political life, with authority derived not from God but from man, the very basis of that authority has been taken away, because the chief reason of the distinction between ruler and subject has been eliminated. If We ordain that the whole Catholic world shall revere Christ as King, We shall minister to the need of the present day, and at the same time provide an excellent remedy for the plague which now infects society. This kingdom is opposed to none other than to that of Satan and to the power of darkness. Nevertheless, during his life on earth he refrained from the exercise of such authority, and although he himself disdained to possess or to care for earthly goods, he did not, nor does he today, interfere with those who possess them. Men must look for the peace of Christ in the Kingdom of Christ; and that We promised to do as far as lay in Our power. Nations will be reminded by the annual celebration of this feast that not only private individuals but also rulers and princes are bound to give public honor and obedience to Christ. We have commanded its observance on a Sunday in order that not only the clergy may perform their duty by saying Mass and reciting the Office, but that the laity too, free from their daily tasks, may in a spirit of holy joy give ample testimony of their obedience and subjection to Christ. So he is said to reign "in the hearts of men," both by reason of the keenness of his intellect and the extent of his knowledge, and also because he is very truth, and it is from him that truth must be obediently received by all mankind. At the Missionary Exhibition men have been deeply impressed in seeing the increasing zeal of the Church for the spread of the kingdom of her Spouse to the most far distant regions of the earth. We further ordain that the dedication of mankind to the Sacred Heart of Jesus, which Our predecessor of saintly memory, Pope Pius X, commanded to be renewed yearly, be made annually on that day. It demands of its subjects a spirit of detachment from riches and earthly things, and a spirit of gentleness. 15. 7. The gospels present this kingdom as one which men prepare to enter by penance, and cannot actually enter except by faith and by baptism, which, though an external rite, signifies and produces an interior regeneration. The testimony of the Prophets is even more abundant. In the Kingdom of Christ, that is, it seemed to Us that peace could not be more effectually restored nor fixed upon a firmer basis than through the restoration of the Empire of Our Lord. Moreover, Christ himself speaks of his own kingly authority: in his last discourse, speaking of the rewards and punishments that will be the eternal lot of the just and the damned; in his reply to the Roman magistrate, who asked him publicly whether he were a king or not; after his resurrection, when giving to his Apostles the mission of teaching and baptizing all nations, he took the opportunity to call himself king,[13] confirming the title publicly,[14] and solemnly proclaimed that all power was given him in heaven and on earth. The many notable and memorable events which have occurred during this Holy Year have given great honor and glory to Our Lord and King, the Founder of the Church. "[26] In this power is included the right of rewarding and punishing all men living, for this right is inseparable from that of judging. We would now, Venerable Brethren, in closing this letter, briefly enumerate the blessings which We hope and pray may accrue to the Church, to society, and to each one of the faithful, as a result of the public veneration of the Kingship of Christ. 30. 27. Men will see in their king or in their rulers men like themselves, perhaps unworthy or open to criticism, but they will not on that account refuse obedience if they see reflected in them the authority of Christ God and Man. "For a nation is happy when its citizens are happy. He shall sit upon the throne of David and upon his kingdom; to establish it and strengthen it with judgment and with justice, from henceforth and for ever. On Atheistic Communism Pope Pius XI - 1937 To the Patriarchs, Primates, Archbishops, Bishops, and other Ordinaries in Peace and Communion with the Apostolic See. And, in fact, she used these titles, giving expression with wonderful variety of language to one and the same concept, both in ancient psalmody and in the Sacramentaries. At the time of his death, Pius XI was reviewing an early version of an additional encyclical, Humani generis unitas (On the Unity of the Human Race), on the church, anti-Semitism, racism, and persecution of Jews. Thus the empire of our Redeemer embraces all men. He it is that shall come out of Jacob to rule,[3] who has been set by the Father as king over Sion, his holy mount, and shall have the Gentiles for his inheritance, and the utmost parts of the earth for his possession. Providentially prepared for the celebration of this lordship of Christ, in threefold. True prosperity for every nation individual, in him is the author of happiness and prosperity... Words can only be taken to indicate the greatness of his death, Pius XI truths presented. 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