THE RECESSION THAT BEGAN IN THE LATE SUMMER OF 1937 BROUGHT to a head a growing opposition in Congress to administration policies. Source for information on New Deal, Third: Encyclopedia of the Great Depression dictionary. In 1937, conservative opposition slowed New Deal projects - and employment fell again, though not as steeply.Opposition ebbed, the New Deal was strengthened, and employment recovered to higher than 1929 levels - and was trending still higher - by 1940, before the U.S. entry into WWII. Summary of First and Second New Deal programs. Believing the United States had turned a corner, Roosevelt cut spending in 1937. Compounding his problems, Roosevelt and his advisors made a costly economic misstep. For the presidential elections of 1936, conservative Alf Landon ran against Roosevelt, opposed New Deal in labor and commercial policies. However, by the time the Second New Deal began, it significantly intensified. B. supported plans to replace Roosevelt with Henry Wallace as the Democratic presidential candidate in 1936. The New Deal faced some very vocal conservative opposition. Initially, political opposition to the New Deal was limited. By 1937, an informal yet strong group of congressmen and representatives opposing the New Deal formed in Congress. A. succeeded in removing three of Roosevelt’s cabinet members. The controversy, which historians consider to be one of the most questionable moments in Roosevelt’s career, strengthened conservative opposition to the New Deal. NEW DEAL, THIRDHistorians have long distinguished between the "First New Deal" of 1933 and the "Second New Deal" of 1935 in tracing the development of the New Deal programs of President Franklin D. Roosevelt. D. was strongly opposed to Roosevelt’s agricultural policies. The New Deal was a series of programs and projects instituted during the Great Depression by President Franklin D. Roosevelt that aimed to restore prosperity to Americans. Meanwhile FDR met with his New Deal allies, including George W. Norris (NE), Robert F. Wagner (NY), and Claude Pepper (FL), to figure out a way to prevent "any inroads of the proposed conservative coalition upon the general plans of the New Deal" (Moore, Josiah Bailey, 157–58; New York Times, 22 Dec. 1937). The conservative coalition was an unofficial Congressional coalition founded in 1937, which brought together the conservative wing of the Republican Party (which was by then the largest wing of the Republican party) and the conservative wing of the Democratic Party (mostly Southern Democrats).According to James T. Patterson: "By and large the congressional conservatives agreed in … A number of New Deal scholars later identified a "Third New Deal" that began in 1937. ; The American Liberty League was one of the first formal alliances created by opponents of the New Deal. The "Old Right" emerged in the 1930's in opposition to Roosevelt and the New Deal. Still, the “court-packing scheme” damaged the Roosevelt administration and opposition to the New Deal began to emerge and coalesce. The first organized opposition in 1934 came from the American Liberty League led by Democrats such as 1924 and 1928 presidential candidates John W. Davis and Al Smith.There was also a large loose grouping of opponents of the New Deal who have come to be known as the Old Right which included politicians, intellectuals, … C. supported plans to replace Roosevelt with Huey Long as the Democratic presidential candidate in 1936. Behind the opposition, of course, was a concern over New Deal policies of the past, but the senators who collaborated in the formulation of a "Conservative Manifesto" in December 1937 were more worried about the future. While Republicans were the expected critics of the New Deal, conservative Democrats often led anti-New Deal efforts. 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